Sweden’s prime minister Stefan Lofven will have to stand down after losing the support of parliament.
The anti-immigration Sweden Democrats (SD) backed the vote to remove him, weeks after a general election that delivered a hung parliament.
In Tuesday’s dramatic vote, 204 MPs voted against Mr Lofven while 142 voted in favour.
Parliament’s speaker will now propose a new leader – a process that could take weeks.
Mr Lofven is expected to stay on as caretaker prime minister while his replacement is decided on.
What happens next?
Mr Lofven, the leader of the centre-left Social Democrats, came to power in 2014. His centre-left alliance won 144 seats in this month’s election, one more than the centre-right opposition.
Neither of the main blocs intends to govern with the nationalist SD, the third-largest party in the new parliament.
But the job of prime minister could fall to Ulf Kristersson, leader of the Moderates. The new speaker of the parliament, Andreas Norlen, is also a member of the Moderates, confirmed in the position on Monday with the support of SD.
While the SD are expected to back a Moderate candidate, Mr Lofven warned the centre-right bloc on Tuesday against relying on the support of a party “founded by Nazis”.
While Mr Kristersson is widely seen as the person most likely to form a new government, others may be invited to do so if he fails – including Mr Lofven himself.
The splintered nature of the house makes securing a stable government tricky, because:
The nationalist SD could break the stalemate, if one of the major blocs would negotiate with them;
Mr Lofven’s party has ruled out backing a minority government of his opponents, the Alliance bloc;
Two of the four members of the Alliance say they will quit if it negotiates a deal with the anti-immigration SD;
If there are four unsuccessful attempts to form a government, that will trigger fresh elections – something which has never happened before.
What has the fallout been?
Speaking after the vote, Mr Lofven, who is still the leader of the largest party, said he intended to work to form another government across the political divide.
“I see good opportunities to continue as prime minister,” he said.
Mr Lofven said he did not believe that fresh elections were something voters wanted – but he said he would never support a government that relied on the SD.
His opponent and new favourite for the premiership, Ulf Kristersson, said that a new government was needed – one with broad political support.