Equipping volunteer resistance cells in the Baltic countries to defend against potential Russian attack would cost around EUR 110.4 million, according to the U.S. think tank RAND Corporation’s report Deterring Russian Aggression in the Baltic States Through Resilience and Resistance.
The report says that a robust technology initiative to equip resistance cells in all three Baltic states would require about USD 125 million (EUR 110,492,349).
The authors find that a wide range of technologies could enhance the effect of so-called total defense and unconventional warfare, ranging from cyber capabilities, cameras, printers, and small UAVs, to night vision devices, tactical and long-range mobile communications systems, non-lethal weapons, small arms and explosives, and anti-aircraft and anti-tank weapons.
The reports recommends the Baltic countries to expand support for planning and training for crisis management, civil defense, and countering hybrid and “grey zone” attacks.
The Baltic countries are also recommended to coordinate increased strategic communications efforts to counter Russian information warfare activities, as well as support the creation or expansion of national and regional intelligence fusion centers to integrate civil, police, and military analysis capabilities to improve warning of impending attacks, and deepen the Baltic states’ connectivity to intelligence fusion centers in neighboring countries and at NATO and the European Union.
Another recommendation for the Baltic countries is to establish decentralized stockpiles and caches of relevant non-military supplies to sustain resistance cells in case of war including clothing, shelter materials, medical supplies, food, water purification tools, cash, power sources, and vehicles.
Defense Minister Artis Pabriks (For Development/For) points out that the study gives practical advice to the Baltic states on how to strengthen society and its resilience to a potential aggressor. In case of a serious crisis the involvement of the whole society would be necessary, which is why the Defense Ministry has proposed to introduce a comprehensive national defense system in Latvia.